Protest Tactics Chapter 23
1. How does the chapter describe weapons of the weak?
2. Think of examples of a few rules or tactics that you have seen in protests.
3. Why is it important to freeze the enemy?
4. How is the real action in the enemy's reaction?
5. Why should you not hold back in a political attack

Tactical Innovation in the Civil Rights Movement Chapter 24
1. Define tactical innovation.
2. What were the forerunners to sit-ins like? How did this differ from the cluster of sit-ins of the late 1950s?
3. What kind of backing and planning went into the early sit-ins?
4. Describe in detail the first sit-in cluster.
5. What are the seven characteristics that the solid movement centers had by late 1959?

The Strategic Uses of Identity by the Lesbian and Gay Movement Chapter 25
1. Do groups typically celebrate or suppress their differences with the majority? Explain.
2. What are the three analytic dimensions of “identity”?
3. How was the fight for anti-discrimination legislation in Oregon different than the battle in New York City?
4. How is it that the approach used in the article, to understand the strategic deployment of identity, has potential applications to other movements based on a shared characteristic? Study Figure 25.2.
5. What did the conclusion of the chapter state?

Armed Struggle in the South African Anti-Apartheid Movement Chapter 26
1. What are the different types of social processes that take place in a broadly supported armed struggle?
2. What is the historical context of the ANC's “turn to armed struggle”?
3. What are some of the practical and ethical considerations discussed in the chapter?
4. How did the arm struggle effect the people of South Africa?
5. What was the impact of the armed struggle?
6. Read the Biography of Nelson Mandela.

Suicide bombing Chapter 27
1. What are the six lessons focused on during the Israeli/Palestinian case that are argued in the chapter?
2. Why are suicide bombers typically found to be mentally stable?
3. What might be the political logic behind a suicide bombing?
4. How does repression of suicide bombings create an unintended consequence?
5. How is empathy a powerful tool in counter-terrorism?

Everyday Life, Routing Politics, and Protest Chapter 28
1. What is the case study that the author focuses on?
2. Discuss the four main themes found about Laura's life and contentious experience.
3. What minor event led to Laura being on the radio and eventually a picketer?
4. What were the conclusions made by the author?
5. Describe the political scene in the chapter What is going on?

Farmworkers' Movements in Changing Political Contexts Chapter 29
1. What is the thesis of the chapter?
2. Give an example of repression.
3. What happened during the three periods?
4. What are political opportunities?
5. Why does the author conclude that several assumptions in classical literature are misleading? What are the author's other conclusions?


The Media in the Unmaking of the New Left Chapter 30
1. What were the earliest framing devices in the chapter?
2. What sort of new themes and devices were added to the antiwar movement of the first group after it turned to more militant tactics?
3. Explain the career of Jerry Rubin.
4. What were the alternatives for leadership?
5. What are some of the implications for movements that the author lists?
6. Read the biography of Abbie Hoffman: “Marx with Flowers in his Hair.”

What Shapes the West's Human Rights Focus? Chapter 31
1. What types of terminology and rhetoric is used for human rights? What are the long-term effects?
2. Does racism shape the West's Human Rights focus?
3. Describe the focus on human rights and the United States.
4. What were the statistical findings described by the author?
5. What some of the problems of being an activist?
6. What are some of the popular countries targeted by Amnesty's background papers?

The Quest for International Allies Chapter 32
1. Why does Tibetans receive more attention that other minorities in the area?
2. Does “pitching the product” really matter?
3. Are some strategies garnered to gain allies and supporters only on the political left?
4. How is it that local movements may experience greater ease in winning foreign backing? What role does the internet play in success?
5. Read the biography of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
6. Give an example of Brokers.

Global Corporations, Global Unions Chapter 33
1. Describe the strike that happened in Houston Texas.
2. What is ironic about the protest?
3. Explain how Global Unions are the antidote?
4. What was the significance of the victory and success of the janitors?
5. Should a campaign to change the world be focused on changing countries or corporations?
6. How can we hope to disrupt and galvanize the global city?

The Decline of the Women's Movement Chapter 34
1. Is their a mass women's movement?
2. What was the impact of the second wave of feminism?
3. Explain how a movement's demands, once won, can have different consequences than intended.
4. Explain affirmative action.
5. How has the middle class found it's way in the women's movement?

The Dilemmas of Identity Politics Chapter 35
1. Give an example of new social movements.
2. How can the identity of an individual shape their politics?
3. What role do social movement play in collective identity or vice versa?
4. What are queer politics?
5. How would you summarize the “queer Dilemma?

The Repression/Protest Paradox in Central America Chapter 36
1. Describe the pros and cons of governmental repression for mass protest and rebellion.
2. Compare and Contrast the problems of Salvadoran society and Guatemala.
3. What did Tarrow demonstrate about massive collective action?
4. Describe the desires of the people and how the people were able to achieve them.
5. How will Central America deal with protests during normal conditions?

Counterinsurgency Chapter 37
1. Explain the shadow of Vietnam.
2. What are some of the complicated issues about Iraq?
3. What is the difference between insurgency and social movements? How are they sometimes at ends?
4. Describe in a general sense, some problems with nation-building as a whole. Think about the different institutions that support the government that are mentioned.
5. What is the solution to the final dilemma?

Defining the Movement “Success” Chapter 38
1. Examine and study table 38.1.
2. What does the author say about table 38.1?
3. What is a challenge period?
4. What makes ending a challenge hard?
5. How might unions be treated differently?

How Social Movements Matter Chapter 39

1. What are some of the questions surrounding social movements?
2. How do social movements matter? Does activist and activism really matter?
3. How do movements emerge and gain success?
4. Give an example of a movement that changed public policy.
5. How are policy institutions affected by social movements?

The Personal Consequences of Protest Chapter 40
1. Why must a social organization use like minded individuals and convert those that appear uninterested? How does long term exposure to activism effect individuals?
2. How can a social movement affect family?
3. Explain how the researched collected the data.
4. How did religion play a role in a person's social life if they were in the sample?
5. How were activists different from non-activists in the conclusion?

Environmental Justice Chapter 41
1. What does the PCR stand for? What did they accomplish?
2. What is environmental justice?
3. What are some of the local struggles faced by the Environmental Justice movement?
4. How has the EJ movement been involved in building institutions?
5. How has the EJ movement effected national environmental policy?
6. In regards to globalization, how has the EJ movement progressed in the United States?

First Along the River

The Early 1990s Governmental Retrenchment and Political Apathy Chapter 9
1. Who is Al Gore?
2. What was one of the growing counter movements listed in the chapter?
3. What were the impacts of the green revival
4. What role did NAFTA play in the early 1990s?
5. What were some of the environmental accusations made by Clinton towards Republicans?
6. What was the conclusion drawn from the survey from the Center for Media and Public Affairs?

The Late 1990s The Institutionalization of the Environmental Movement Chapter 10
1. Was Bill Clinton a moderate? What promises did Bill and Gore make?
2. What was the Kyoto conference?
3. What were the contributions of the habitat conservation plans?
4. What theory were businesses reluctant to accept?
5. What are some global problems being addressed by the United States?

The Environmental Movement in the Post 9/11 World 2000-2010 Chapter 11
1. What was Bush administration doing while the public was concerned with the War on Terror?
2. What were some of the things that Barack Obama changed according to the chapter?
3. Describe the Copenhagen Accord.
4. What were some of Obama's successes and failures on the environment?
5. Describe the BP Oil spill.
6. Why are certain governmental issues given more weight than others? Explain.