Chapter 2


The killing of another person through gross negligence is called _______.


What does “the dark figure of crime” refer to?


Can you describe the basic steps of the scientific method?  What is a “theory

when scientists use the term?


What is “reliability?”  What is “validity?”

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft is called ____.

Traditionally what is the clearance rate for all reported index crimes?

What are some of the main patterns shown by URC Index data?

Is crime rising or falling?

What are some of the main concerns about the accuracy of the UCR?  Victimization data? Self-reports?

What factors can cause “on paper” increases in crime in the UCRs (even if crime isn’t actually rising)?

What is the National Incident-Based Reporting System and how does it differ from the older URCs?

What is the best way to measure crime?  (Note, it’s something of a trick question).

Who commits more crime, blacks or whites?  Explain.


The National Crime Victimization Survey samples how many households each year?   How are respondents


What differences are shown when comparing UCR data to NCVS data?

Most reported crimes occur during which season?

Which area of the country has the highest violence rates for most years?

Is most crime committed by juveniles?  Explain.

The aging out phenomenon refers to what?

According to UCR reports, African Americans make up about 12% of the general population. What percent of the violent

crime arrest rate do they make up?   Specifically for murder?


According to Wolfgang, a delinquent offender who is arrested five or more times before he or she is 18 and who stands a

good chance of becoming an adult criminal is called ____.